DescriptionThe operation of a total hip replacement is a well established, long lasting procedure for relieving the pain involved with hip arthritis. This type of surgery has been used effectively now for over 40 years and remains the treatment of choice to achieve an excellent quality of life for sufferers of hip arthritis.THE PROCEDUREANAESTHETICThe type of anaesthetic that is used for the procedure will vary according to each patient’s co-existent medical conditions and also your wishes. Our group of anaesthetists are all competent in both general and regional (spinal) anaesthetics and will discuss with you prior to the procedure the benefits and risks of each technique.SURGERYThrough an incision approximately 12-15cm long centred over the side of the hip and curving gently towards the buttock, the hip joint can be entered with minimal trauma to the surrounding muscles. The hip is dislocated and the femur bone is cut through its neck to expose both the pelvic and leg sides of the joint. Depending upon the quality of the bone and the age of the patient either a cemented or cementless component is fixed to the pelvis and similarly to the femur. The ball and socket mechanism of the joint is then reconstructed with either a metal on plastic (polyethylene) articulation or ceramic on ceramic articulation. Computer navigation may be used to ensure that the leg length obtained is correct and the orientation of the components is optimal to provide for maximum range of motion of the new hip.Following the surgery you will be able to mobilize fully weight bearing on the hip the day after the procedure. You will be aided by the physiotherapist and nursing staff and taught how to safely use a frame initially and then graduate onto crutches.Your hospital stay will be between 5-7 days and depending upon your home supports and progress.Most people will be able to dispense with their crutches approximately 4-6 weeks following the surgery. During this time period you should sleep flat on your back, not cross your legs and use a seat raise for the toilet. These precautions will be emphasised by the physiotherapist during your hospital stay.All our patients are routinely put on home based physiotherapy post discharge.AFTER DISCHARGEDriving the car is not allowed for 6 weeks following the surgery and car travel as a passenger should be minimised during this period. These restrictions minimise the chance of the hip dislocating whilst the muscles and soft tissues around your hip heal.At 6 weeks following the procedure you will be reviewed by your surgeon. Most patients are then given the all clear to return to recreational walking, swimming, cycling, golf, tennis, bowls, gymnasium workouts and other recreational pursuits as desired. It is not advised that you undertake running or jumping activities following a hip replacement.FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONSWhat are the risks involved with the procedure?There are general risks associated with any surgery, these are those of the anaesthetic (please speak to your anaesthetist prior to the operation), bleeding, blood clots (deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolization (PE)), infection and vascular injury. Specific to the surgery are the risks of dislocation of the hip prosthesis, leg length inequality, fracture of the pelvis or femur, wear and loosening of the implants, audible ‘squeaking’ of the articulating components (ceramics), nerve injury.When can I return to work?Most people should be able to return to work at 6 weeks post-surgery. This may be extended if you perform a job involving heavy manual labour.When can I resume sexual activity?Sexual intercourse can safely be undertaken 6 weeks following the surgery.How long do I need to keep taking pain-killing medicine for?When you leave the hospital you will be given tablet analgesia for pain. You should take this for as long as you have pain when walking or at night. Most people are able to cease analgesics by 4 weeks following the surgery.Do I need to do physiotherapy when I go home?You will be given a sheet of exercises from the physiotherapist when you leave the hospital. You should do these exercises as instructed. You do not need to visit a physiotherapist once discharged.Hip Replacement surgery is being successfully performed for the last Sixty years Every year thousands of patients benefit from this surgery in India.This operation helps in relieving pain, gaining range of motion and improving walking ability in variety of hip disorders.It converts a disabled person to an able person. Converts a liability to an asset.The schedule given here is guideline, individual variations may occur. The end result may vary in different individuals, and in two operated hips in the same individual.The result depends on various factors like the cause of arthritis, age and general condition of the patient, condition of the joint, affection of other joints of the body. On an average the artificial joint works well up to 10 years in majority of cases with encouraging reports of success beyond 20 years.Every effort will be made to keep lengths of limbs equal.

With increase in longevity. More number of senior citizens demand a better quality of life. A painful knee can seriously hamper a person's capacity to walk freely and make him dependent not only on drugs to relieve pain but also on others for mobility. The arthritic knee is now easily available in form of Knee Replacement Surgery.Imagine yourself pushing a fully loaded vehicle which has flat tyres. You would need considerable force to make it move. Same happens to an overweight person with an arthritic keen joint. Their knee joints feel stiff and are deformed and hence the person needs more physical energy to get up from sitting position, walk, climb stairs and negotiate slopes. To overcome this, he or she takes medicine to relieve pain and muscle spasm and may use a support to walk, but as the age advances, the ability to overcome pain decreases making the person confined to bed most of the time. Prolonged use of NSAIDS ( pain relieving medicines) can even damage the liver and the kidneys of the elderly personFor an individual aged above 60 years, having painful knee joints which hamper day to day living, knee replacement surgery is an ideal choice. With current state of progress in every field of medicine, conditions like diabetes, hypertension, cardiac insufficiency are no more contraindications for surgery. Even obesity is not a problem.The knee replacement surgery is relatively safe since it is carried out under Epidural Anaesthesia. This anaesthesia is better tolerated by the elderly. There is also an added advantage of postoperative analgesia by use of infusion pump. The infusion pump is used to deliver the calculated fractional dose suitable for an individual patient. Here the dose can be controlled by the patient hence it is called Patient Controlled Epidural Analgesia (PCEA).The patient is constantly monitored with the Pulse Oxymeter to measure the Oxygen concentration of blood and Cardioscope to evaluate cardiac function during the surgery.Unlike hip joint replacement. Where a large part of the upper end femur is removed to be replaced by metallic implant, in the Knee Replacement Surgery, only the irregular superficial surface of femoral and tibal condyles are shaved, which are then resurfaced using cobalt chrome prosthesis for femur and Ultra Molecular Weight High Density Polyethylene ( UMWHDP ) implant for tibia and patella, as this combination of metal and plastic has minimum friction and is well tolerated by the body.Even though the surgery involves bone resurfacing, it mainly consists of soft tissue realignment and balancing, hence the deformity is corrected and the patient is ready to be discharged by the 2nd or 3rd postoperative day in majority of cases. This reduce the cost as well social inconvenience to the family.Knee replacement surgery reduces the friction thereby reducing the pain and hence the patient starts exercise within 12 to 24 hours and starts standing and walking on the next day, initially requiring support for locomotion. During the post operative period at home, the patient needs to exercise regularly, use walking aid and use commode. Sitting on floor is not permitted initally. Unlimited stair climbing and walking is permitted.Knee replacement surgery is one of the most successful procedures used for relief of pain, gaining the range of motion and improving the ability to walk, for a variety of painful knee disorders.If you are advised knee replacement surgery, it is natural that you would want to know more about it.The schedule given here is a guideline and individual variations may occur. The end result varies in different individuals, and in two operated knees in the same individual , depending on various factors like age, general condition of the patient, conditions of the joint, indication for surgery, whether the surgery is on single knee or both knee joints simultaneously etc.According to world reports, knee replacement surgery is one of the most successful procedures used for relief of pain, gaining the range of motion and improving the ability to walk.Every surgery carries certain risks. You are required to make yourself familiar with these risks and the shortcomings.

Limb reconstruction surgery is the field of trauma and orthopaedic surgery that deals with the management of deformities of upper and lower limbs, reconstruction of limb defects and limb equalization techniques. The aim of limb reconstruction surgery is to achieve maximum function form a deformed limb.A range of modern surgical techniques are used to perform limb reconstruction surgery, including:Conventional plate fixation.Locking plate fixation.Intramedullary Nailing.Circular fine wire external fixators.Bone Transport and limb lengthening.Angular and/or rotational correction.Joint Arthrodesis or reconstruction.The techniques used are customized for each individual case and often involve a combination of above techniques.Common deformities treated include:Non-unions – Fractures that have failed to heal.Mal-unions – Fractures that have healed in the wrong position.Post-traumatic arthritis – arthritis of a joint following a fracture or trauma.Bone loss – Fractures that have lost bone at the time of accident or subsequent surgery.Bone infection (Osteomyelitis) – infected bone commonly associated near a site of previous injury or surgery.

Meet our doctor

Dr. Swapnil Gadge

Joint Replacement, Pelvi Acotabular Surgeries


Dr Swapnil Gadge is a Consultant Joint Replacement Surgeon at Gadge Hospital. He is specialised in Revision Joint Replacement and advance Joint Replacement Surgeries. He is trained at NHS, Scotland, UK. He is also trained in Pelvi Acetabular Surgeries at Mumbai. He was Ex. Consultant at JNMC, Sawangi, Wardha and IGGMC, NAGPUR.


Got My Fathers Knee Replacement Surgery done at Gadge Hospital. Very Nice Hospital. Good Team. He was able to walk very next day of his Surgery. Dr Swapnil Gadge is Very Understanding and Polite. He helped us in every way. Dr Swapnil Gadge Explained us in such a simple language that any one can understand about the surgery and its need. This is the reason why we opt for Gadge Hospital. We visited about 7-8 hospitals in Nagpur. But Dr Swapnil Gadge gave us Proper time. He is Very Supportive. VE

Bhurao Awari

I had a fall from bike. I was admitted at Gadge Hospital. Dr Vivek Gadge Sir did my surgery for Fracture of my Wrist Bone. Very Great surgeon with positive attitude. Thanks to Dr Vivek Gadge. BEST ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEON

Nilesh Joshi

Latest Update

Total knee replacement (arthroplasty) has proven to be a very effective surgical treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee for many years. Relatively recently, however, partial knee replacement (also kn

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