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HIP REPLACEMENT SURGICAL PROCEDURE


HIP REPLACEMENT SURGICAL PROCEDURE


You will most likely be admitted to the hospital on the day before your surgery. After admission, you will be evaluated by our Physician and Anaesthetist . The most common types of anaesthesia for hip replacement surgery are general anaesthesia or spinal anaesthesia. The anaesthetist will discuss these choices with you and help you decide which type of anaesthesia is best for you.



Surgical Procedure :

The surgery itself takes about 90 minutes. However preparation and anaesthesia before surgery and recovery after surgery will keep you in theatre for about three hours.  Surgeon will remove the damaged cartilage and bone, then position new metal and plastic joint surfaces to restore the alignment and function of your hip.

Many different types of designs and materials are currently used in artificial hip joints. All of them consist of two basic components: the ball component (made of a highly polished strong metal) and the socket component (a durable plastic cup which may have an outer metal shell).

Acrylic surgical bone cement may be used to fill the gap between the prosthesis and remaining natural bone to secure the artificial joint.

A noncemented implant has also been developed which is used most often in young and more active patients. The prosthesis may be coated with textured metal or a special bone-like substance which allows bone to grow into the prosthesis.

A combination of a cemented ball and a noncemented socket may be used.

Your orthopaedic surgeon will choose the type of implant that meets best  your needs. After surgery, you will be moved to your room while the recovery from anaesthesia is monitored and relatives will not be allowed for initial 2 -3 hours. 


POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS AFTER SURGERY

The complication rate following hip replacement surgery is low. Serious complications such as joint infection, occur in less than 2 percent of patients. Major medical complications, such as heart attack or stroke, occur even less frequently. However, chronic illnesses may increase the potential for complications. Although uncommon, when these complications occur they can prolong or limit your full recovery. Blood clots in the leg veins or pelvis are the most common complication of hip replacement surgery. Your orthopaedic surgeon may prescribe one or more measures to prevent blood clots from forming in your leg veins, such as special support hose, inflatable leg coverings, and blood thinners.


Your Recovery at Home :

The success of surgery depends upon howe you follow your surgeons instruction at home regarding home care during first 10 days of surgery


Wound Care :

You will have stitches or staples running along your wound or a suture beneath your skin. The stitches or staples will be removed about two weeks after surgery. Avoid getting the wound wet until it has thoroughly sealed and dried. A bandage may be placed over the wound to prevent irritation from clothing or support stockings.


Diet :

Some loss of appetite is common for several weeks after surgery. A balanced diet, often with an iron supplement, is important to promote proper tissue healing and restore muscle strength. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids.


Activity :

Exercise is a critical component of home care, particularly during the first few weeks after surgery. You should be able to resume most normal light activities of daily living within three to six weeks following surgery. Some discomfort with activity, and at night, is common for several weeks.


Your activity program will be given to you by your orthopaedic surgeon at the time of discharge. 


Avoiding Problems After Surgery


Blood Clot Prevention

Follow your orthopaedic surgeon's instructions carefully to minimise the potential risk of blood clots in your leg veins, which can occur during first several weeks of your recovery.

Warning signs of possible blood clots include: pain in your calf and leg unrelated to your incision, tenderness or redness of your calf, swelling of your thigh, calf, ankle or foot. Warning signs that a blood clot has traveled to your lung include shortness of breath, chest pain, particularly with breathing. Notify your doctor immediately if you develop any of these signs.


For more details contact 9028535704 or https://www.gadgehospital.com/pages/1

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